Terpenes

What are Terpenes?

Terpenes, or isoprenoids, provide cannabis with its unique bouquet of smells such as citrus, berry, pine, and mint. They are instrumental to the physiological and psychoactive effects of cannabis and act as building blocks for more complex molecules such as cannabinoids.

These pungent oils are produced in the same resin glands, called trichomes, as cannabinoids and the synergistic relationship between the two compounds is known as the “entourage effect.” This effect ultimately differentiates one strain of cannabis from another. The development of terpenes in cannabis began for adaptive purposes: to repel predators and lure pollinators. 

Learn more about medical cannabis terpenes on our Blog

The Most Common Terpenes Found in Cannabis

alpha-Pinene icon
Flavor:
Piney, Rosemary
alpha-Pinene
Therapeutic effects:
Anti-Inflammatory | Anti-Bacterial | Aids in memory | Aids in breathing
beta-Caryophyllene icon
Flavor:
Peppery, Herbal
beta-Caryophyllene
Therapeutic effects:
Anti-Inflammatory | Anti-Oxidant
Limonene icon
Flavor:
Semi-Sweet Citrus, Earthy
Limonene
Therapeutic effects:
Anti-Depressant | Anti-Anxiety | Euphoric
Linalool icon
Flavor:
Floral, Herbal
Linalool
Therapeutic effects:
Anti-Anxiety | Anti-Convulsant | Sedative
Mycrene icon
Flavor:
Hops, Clove
Mycrene
Therapeutic effects:
Sedative | Anti-Inflammatory | Pain Relief
Nerolidol icon
Flavor:
Clove, Woody
Nerolidol
Therapeutic effects:
Sedative | Anti-Oxidant | Skin Protectant
Ocimene icon
Flavor:
Sweet Mint, Herbal
Ocimene
Therapeutic effects:
Anti-Oxidant | Anti-Convulsant | Decongestant
Terpinolene icon
Flavor:
Fruity, Sweet Pine
Terpinolene
Therapeutic effects:
Sedative/Relaxing | Euphoric | Anti-Fungal | Anti-Bacterial
Geraniol icon
Flavor:
Floral, Rose
Geraniol
Therapeutic effects:
Pain Relief/Reduction | Anti-Inflammatory | Antifungal
Eudesmol icon
Flavor:
Woody, Yuzu
Eudesmol
Therapeutic effects:
Antifungal | Antiproliferative | Nicotine addiction recovery
Humulene icon
Flavor:
Earthy, Wood
Humulene
Therapeutic effects:
Anti-Inflammatory | Antibacterial | Appetite Suppressant
Eucalyptol icon
Flavor:
Herbal,
Eucalyptol
Therapeutic effects:
Anti-Inflammatory | Anti-Infection | Cough Suppressant

Why do different strains of cannabis have different terpenes?

There are many factors that influence a plant’s development of terpenes, including climate, age and maturation, fertilizers, soil type, and the type of strain of cannabis. Over 100 different terpenes have been identified in the cannabis plant, and every strain tends toward a unique terpene type and composition.

Your attraction to a specific smelling strain of cannabis is a great starting point to which variety of medical cannabis may help you. Knowing the specific types of terpenes to which you are attracted, will deepen your appreciation for cannabis and aide in your quest to finding the best medicine. Check out the terpene & cannabinoid profiles within each product on our menu!

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