Terpenes

Terpenes

Terpenes, or isoprenoids, provide cannabis with its unique bouquet of smells such as citrus, berry, pine, and mint. Terpenes are instrumental to the physiological and psychoactive effects of cannabis and act as building blocks for more complex molecules such as cannabinoids. These pungent oils are produced in the same resin glands, called trichomes, as cannabinoids and the synergistic relationship between the two compounds is known as the “entourage effect.” This effect ultimately differentiates one strain of cannabis from another. The development of terpenes in cannabis began for adaptive purposes: to repel predators and lure pollinators.

The Most Common Terpenes Found in Cannabis

Pine icon
Flavor:
Piney, Rosemary
Alpha-pinene
Therapeutic effects:
Anti-inflammatory
Antibacterial
Aids in memory
Aids in breathing
Citrus icon
Flavor:
Citrus, Spicey
Beta-caryophyllene
Therapeutic effects:
Anti-inflammatory
Cell protectant
Woody icon
Flavor:
Clove, Spicey, Woody
Caryophyllene Oxide
Therapeutic effects:
Anti-fungal
Peppermint icon
Flavor:
Citrus, Juniper, Peppermint
Limonene
Therapeutic effects:
IMMUNE SYSTEM STIMULANT
Anti-DEPRESSANT
Anti-anxiety
Herbal icon
Flavor:
Floral, Herbal
Linalool
Therapeutic effects:
Anti-anxiety
Anticonvulsant
Sedative
'Fruity' icon
Flavor:
Citrus, Clove, Fruity
Mycrene
Therapeutic effects:
ANTI-INFLAMMATORY
SEDATIVE
PAIN RELIEF
Berry icon
Flavor:
Berry, Sweet, Floral, Woody
Nerolidol
Therapeutic effects:
Sedative
Anti-fungal
Skin protectant
Floral icon
Flavor:
Vanilla, Earthy, Floral
Phytol
Therapeutic effects:
Anti-insomnia

There are many factors that influence a plant’s development of terpenes, including climate, age and maturation, fertilizers, soil type, and the type of strain of cannabis. Over 100 different terpenes have been identified in the cannabis plant, and every strain tends toward a unique terpene type and composition. Your attraction to a specific smelling strain of cannabis is a great starting point to which variety of medical cannabis may help you. Knowing the specific types of terpenes to which you are attracted, will deepen your appreciation for cannabis and aide in your quest to finding the best medicine.